In the US and in many other countries, cannabis is gaining widespread acceptance, if not complete legality. If you’ve decided to cultivate marijuana, you’ll soon become part of a fast-growing culture.

Growing cannabis is a rewarding pastime, and it all starts when you decide to get some marijuana seeds and learn the basics of cultivation. Read on for a few common-sense tips on growing weed for maximum yield and potency.

Cannabis Basics

Before getting into our beginner-friendly cultivation tips, take a few minutes to learn the basics. Cannabis belongs to a plant genus including several species, including ruderalis, indica, and sativa. The plants are rich in cannabinoids, with CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) existing in the highest concentrations.

Strain Selection

Choosing the right strain ensures the success of your cultivation effort. When picking pot strains, consider factors like yield, growth characteristics, potency, and euphoric effects. Indica plants are usually bushy and short, while sativa-dominant strains are tall and have extended flowering periods. With a hybrid, you’ll get the best characteristics of sativa and indica.

Prepping the Grow Area

Another fundamental cultivation tip is to create the right growing environment for plant productivity and health. Whether you grow cannabis outdoors or indoors, the grow area should have adequate ventilation, space, and light. A clean, organized setup increases your chances of cultivation success.

Lighting Up

Of the factors mentioned above, lighting is the most crucial to cannabis plant health. If growing indoors, use HID or LED lights because they have the right duration, intensity, and spectrum for healthy plant growth. Research your chosen strain’s lighting requirements and change plans accordingly.

Choosing a Growth Medium

The best growth medium is the one that gives cannabis plants the support and nutrients needed for healthy growth. While soil-based media are popular among new cultivators, hydroponics and coco coir are other options. No matter which medium you choose, it should have enough aeration and drainage to prevent nutrient imbalances and overwatering.

Humidity and Temperature Control

Cannabis thrives in specific humidity and temperature ranges, with the ideal for vegetation being between 70° and 85° Fahrenheit. Flowering plants can tolerate cooler temperatures. Strive for humidity of 40 to 60 percent during vegetation and reduce it to 30 or 40 percent during the flowering stage to prevent bud rot and mold growth.

Ventilation

Airflow prevents issues like pest infestation, mildew, and mold. As you’re building a grow room, ensure that it has a plentiful supply of fresh air by installing intake and exhaust fans.

Feeding and Watering

Watering cannabis plants properly and giving them the proper nutrients ensures their health. Overwatering causes root rot, while underwatering creates nutrient deficiencies. Monitor the growth medium’s moisture level and water the plants when it’s dry. Furthermore, use hydroponic or organic nutrients formulated for marijuana cultivation.

Disease and Pest Prevention

Illness and disease can devastate a cannabis crop if left untreated. With preventive measures like regular inspections, frequent cleaning, quarantining of new plants, and organic fertilizer and pest control, most issues can be mitigated.

Harvesting, Curing, and Enjoying the Crop

Harvesting and curing buds at the right time preserves their flavor and potency. Use a magnifying glass to monitor the plants’ resin glands or trichomes; when they turn dark, it’s harvest time. Dry buds in a dark, well-ventilated room, and cure them in glass jars for a few weeks. Once the buds are cured, store them in a dark, cool place when you’re not enjoying them. With these easy tips, you’ll be well on your way to a bountiful, flavorful cannabis crop.

Published by HOLR Magazine.

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